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Equatorial Guinea is located on the west coast of central Africa and is mainly composed of the mainland, Rio Muni, which contains the largest city, Baka and many other islands. The largest one is Bioko, home to the nation’s capital, Malabo. Spanish is the official language and its economy is based on agriculture and oil. Bioko Island is covered with tropical forest and numerous mountains and volcanoes. It is also the island where Pico Basile, the country’s highest peak with 3,000 meters is located.

History

The original inhabitants of Rio Muni were tribes of pygmies can still be found in the north. The Portuguese arrived in the late fifteenth century and became established in the country’s main islands. On land, the Pygmies were replaced by Bantu tribes around the seventeenth century, particularly the Bantu Fang Tribe. Portugal gave up its territorial claims to Spain in 1778 and

Guinea Ecuatorial gained independence in 1968 when Francisco Macias Nguema was elected its first president. Since then, the country has been wracked by internal strife and human rights issues, including the bloody coup by the current incumbent president, Teodoro Obiang in 1979.

All this background is important to keep in mind when visiting this country, which we recommend seeing in the eyes of history, to understand their present reality and customs.

Weather

The country has a tropical climate, featuring wet and dry seasons that pass between the mainland and the islands when the monsoon changes. From June to August, the climate is humid in the islands while on land it is dry, and vice versa, from December to February. The rest of the year the climate is transitional between the two climates. Do not forget your raincoat and remember you can always escape from the mainland to islands depending on your climate preference!

Malabo

Malabo is the capital of Equatorial Guinea, a small paradise found in the west coast of Africa, with Cameroon, a city located on a small island off Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, with about 90,000 inhabitants. Malabo is the capital of the island of Bioko, a volcanic and green island off the coast of Cameroon, and has amazing places to enjoy nature, places to rest, relax, but also to enjoy active holidays.

Due to its mix of volcanic land, tropical weather, lush vegetation and sandy coast, this island has a great ecological value and comprises a great variety of landscapes in a single place.

The economy of Malabo was, long ago, based on fishing and crafts, but the destiny of the island slowly changed to a touristy spot.

Malabo changed centuries ago to a traditional tourist destination in Africa since the days when it was a Spanish colony, is an ideal place to visit and enjoy the sun and the beach. Given its traditional function as a holiday spot, there is no shortage of infrastructure in Malabo, and you will soon find out it is almost impossible to get bored there. There is a wide range of outdoor activities and water sports to practice, with or without monitors. Do not worry about the equipment. You can stock up there. As for lodging, there are from small hostels to private houses to rent.

Right now, Malabo’s economy has engaged in oil extraction. This brings, of course, luxury to the island. From chic handcrafts boutiques to restaurants with the best seafood, luxury seekers will find all amenities needed to match their requirements.

Caldera de Luba

Located south of the island of Bioko, this nature reserve has welcomed scientists who have spent decades conducting studies. It is a very rainy place and is covered by a green blanket. Its summit is more than 2.000 meters high.


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